Section Description Provided by Instructor
The goal of this year-long clinic is to help students to become effective and ethical lawyers by providing high quality transactional representation to non-profits, social enterprises and small businesses.
Our non-profit clients include a wide range of community groups, human rights, environmental and arts organizations, both start-ups and mature organizations. The work for start-ups generally involves counseling the client as to whether non-profit status is appropriate; helping the client to choose and create an appropriate entity for the conduct of the organization's programs; developing a governance structure and drafting by-laws, conflict of interest and other corporate policies; applying for federal and local income tax exemptions; advising the organization on prospective corporate and tax obligations; and taking other legal steps necessary to the implementation of the organization's programs. Projects for mature non-profits have included: simplifying a multi-corporation enterprise; helping an organization choose a corporate and tax structure for a business activity; helping a successful local organization create a national structure; reviewing and drafting leases and contracts; creating structures through which charities can participate in the political process; and advising on trademark and copyright issues. Interested students can also work with organizations on issues like board development and strategic planning.
Our small business and social enterprise clients generally come from or benefit low-income communities and all are unable to afford market rates for legal services. Typical projects include helping entrepreneurs to choose and form appropriate business structures, enter into leases and other contracts and comply with regulatory requirements.
In addition to representing clients, students offer seminars and workshops for non-profits and community entrepreneurs on corporate, tax and regulatory issues, prepare publications for our client populations and participate in law reform projects related to our clients.
The early weeks in the clinic are designed to prepare students to see clients through classes, out-of-class exercises, videotaped simulations and individual meetings with the professor. Once casework begins, simulations taper off and the actual cases become the subject of weekly supervision meetings and the "text" for some of the classes. Throughout the year, we focus on the lawyer's role, especially the unique issues in representing organizations rather than individuals, and on helping students to develop a workable personal conception of that role.
You should plan on spending at least 21 hours per week on your Clinic work. You can expect to come out of the Clinic with a good grounding in the corporate and tax law relevant to our clients; a sense of how the law functions in practice; basic skills in communicating with clients, facilitating the work of a group enterprise, problem-solving and drafting; sensitivity to ethical issues; good work habits involving careful planning and the ability to reflect on and learn from your own experiences; and an understanding of how lawyers can use their skills to benefit communities.
An additional aspect of the Clinic involves helping students to achieve personal goals related to becoming professionals, e.g., improving time-management; learning to collaborate with a partner; improving ability to work with people of different age, sex, race or economic status; learning how to enjoy working as a lawyer.
T 4:20 –6:10 p.m.
R 3 –5:50 p.m.
JGH 728JGH 728
Method of Evaluation
J.D. Writing Credit
Minor (automatic), Major (only upon consultation)
Corporations and Tax are useful, although some students get more out of these courses after taking the Clinic or if they take the courses simultaneously with the Clinic.
Limited to law students who apply and are accepted during the Clinic application and registration period. This is a year-long clinic.