A second- or third-year J.D. student may earn credit for supervised research by writing a research paper or its substantial equivalent under the supervision of a Columbia Law School faculty member. A maximum of 3 credits in a term and 4 credits in an academic year may be earned as part of the 18 non-class points allowed for J.D. credit (see Rules for the J.D. Degree, Rules 1.1 and 1.5). When appropriate, unpaid internships may earn credit within this category if approved by a faculty member who agrees to supervise and grade a research paper in (accordance with Rule 1.5). A letter grade or CR/Fail option available upon consultation with supervising instructor.