Columbia Journal of European Law (CJEL) is published under the auspices of the Columbia Law School and the Parker School of Foreign and Comparative Law, in cooperation with the Institute for European Law of the Katholieke Universiteit in Leuven, Belgium. CJEL actively encourages contributions exploring any dimension of European law, including those at the community, national or regional levels, as well as those relevant to broader questions of the development of law and legal institutions in Europe as a whole. We further seek to present articles, whether authored by Americans, Europeans, or scholars from other parts of the world, that bring special comparative, historical, and political perspectives to bear on the issues under discussion. CJEL draws its staff from second- and third-year J.D. candidates and postgraduate law students. CJEL staff needs no prior background or training in European law or languages.