Climate Change and Environmental Impact Assessment
The Sabin Center has compiled several databases to track the consideration of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change impacts in Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) prepared by federal and state agencies since 2009.
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and other EIA laws have been interpreted or expressly amended to require the consideration of how climate change may impact a project and its affected environment. As noted by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) in its Draft Guidance on the Consideration of Climate Change Under NEPA, the impacts of climate change may have implications for the environmental consequences of a project, and thus fall squarely within the realm of NEPA considerations. The Sabin Center has compiled a report on this topic and prepared a set of model protocols for addressing the impacts of climate change on the built environment under NEPA and state equivalents.
The Sabin Center frequently comments on environmental review documents prepared for specific proposals, such as the approval of coal leases and oil and gas infrastructure, highlighting various issues related to climate change mitigation and adaptation that should be considered in the environmental review of the proposed action. We also comment on NEPA guidance documents, such as CEQ's draft guidance on climate change and NEPA.