Climate Change Laws of Bolivia
Status under International Climate Change Law
- UNFCCC: signature (10 June 1992), ratification (3 October 1994), and entry into force (1 January 1995)
- KP: signature (9 July 1998), ratification (30 November 1999), and entry into force (16 February 2005)
Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: na
- Vienna Convention: accession (3 October 1994)
- Montreal Protocol: accession (3 October 1994)
- 2020 Pledge: No pledge made
Federal Laws on Climate Change
- Framework Law on Mother Earth and Integral Development to Live Well (Law no. 300) 15 October 2012 (Spanish) establishes the Bolivia government’s commitment to sustainable development and acknowledges the rights of the indigenous people. It sets for the idea of “climate justice”, meaning that all Bolivians have a right to “Live Well” and requires that climate change predictions be incorporated in development decisions. The legislation defines the state’s legal obligations to develop climate change policies and establishes the Plurinational Authority of Mother Earth.
Forests and Land Use
- Forest Law (Law No. 1700) 12 September 1996 (Spanish) standardizes Bolivia’s forestry policy with international conventions it has joined, including the UNFCCC and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification and Drought, and installs a Regimen of National Forests and a National Forest Development Fund.
Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives
- Villamontes Municipal Adaption Plan (December 2012) with aid from the Latin American Development Bank and national NGOs
Updated as of: April 20, 2014
Summaries compiled from Terry Townsend et al., The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study (4th ed. 2014).