Promoting American Leadership in Renewable Energy
(Climate Action Plan, pp. 6–7.)
By 2020: Double electric generation from renewable sources (wind, solar, and geothermal).
The Climate Action Plan does not specify the baseline for this goal. However, according to the Energy Information Administration, net generation of electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources grew from 827 trillion BTUs in 2008 (the last year of the Bush administration) to 1,823 trillion BTUs in 2012 (the last year of Obama’s first term), a 120% increase. (EPA, September 2013 Monthly Energy Review 137 (Sept. 2013).) Thus, 1,823 trillion BTUs is likely the baseline for the new goal.
Implementation, Progress, and Outcomes
October 22, 2013: The Department of Energy (DOE) announced about $60 million in awards to support innovative solar energy research and development. (Press Release, DOE, Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power (Oct. 22, 2013).) The awards are part of DOE’s SunShot Initiative, which is aimed at making solar energy fully cost-competitive with traditional energy sources by the end of the decade.
November 6, 2013: The Rooftop Solar Challenge, part of the SunShot Initiative, brings together city, county, and state officials; regulatory entities; private industry; universities; local utilities; and other regional stakeholders to improve the differing and expensive processes required to install and finance residential and small-business solar systems. On November 6, 2013, DOE announced the choice of 8 regional teams to receive about $12 million to streamline and standardize solar permitting, zoning, metering, and connection processes across the nation. The 8 teams join 22 that were previously selected. The efforts of the initial 22 teams helped cut permitting time by 40% and reduce fees by over 10%. (News Release, DOE SunShot Initiative, Energy Department Invests $12 Million to Slash Red Tape and Speed Solar Deployment for Homes and Businesses (Nov. 6, 2013).) Detailed information, maps, graphic materials, and other resources about the Rooftop Solar Challenge are available on the project’s website.
December 11, 2013: DOE announced that it would invest over $13 million for five projects with the goal of strengthening domestic solar manufacturing and accelerating commercialization of efficient, affordable photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies. This investment is part of DOE’s SunShot Initiative. The DOE investment will be matched by over $14 million in private funds. (News Release, DOE, Energy Department Invests $13 Million to Drive Innovative U.S. Solar Manufacturing (Dec. 11, 2013).) Information about the specific projects is available on the SunShot website.
March 4, 2014: President Obama released his Fiscal Year 2015 Budget. The Budget proposal provides about $6.9 billion in base funding for clean energy technology programs across several agencies, including approximately $5.2 billion for Department of Energy (DOE) projects. A fact sheet available from the White House provides a partial breakdown of these investments. (See Opportunity for All: Building a Clean Energy Economy, Improving Energy Security, and Taking Action on Climate Change 2.)
April 17, 2014: The Obama Administration launched a Capital Solar Challenge aimed at expanding the installation and use of solar infrastructure at federal locations throughout the capital region. DOE and the General Services Administration (GSA) will help federal agencies in developing solar energy on federal rooftops, covered parking facilities, and open land. The program will use innovative financing and procurement models such as aggregated purchasing, power purchase agreements, and energy performance contracting to lower electricity costs. (See Fact Sheet, White House, Building on Progress—Supporting Solar Deployment and Jobs (Apr. 17, 2014).) DOE also announced that it was making $15 million available to help communities develop multiyear plans to install affordable solar electricity for homes and businesses. The “Solar Market Pathways funding opportunity” is part of DOE’s SunShot Initiative. (See News Release, DOE, Energy Department Announces $15 Million to Help Communities Boost Solar Deployment (Apr. 17, 2014).) Additional information about this funding opportunity and instructions for interested applicants are available on DOE’s Funding Opportunity Exchange site.
May 9, 2014: President Obama announced more than 300 commitments by members of the public and private sectors that are projected to boost energy efficiency and increase deployed solar generating capacity by 850 MW. Participants from the private sector come from industries including multifamily housing, homebuilding and home improvement, rural electric cooperatives, and retail, food service, and hospitality. Public sector participants include states, cities, and school districts. The president also announced training programs at community colleges across the country to help 50,000 workers enter the solar industry by 2020. (See Fact Sheet, White House, President Obama Announces Commitments and Executive Actions to Advance Solar Deployment and Energy Efficiency (May 9, 2014).)
See below for more specific goals and their implementation.
• Accelerating Clean Energy Permitting
- Public Lands. By 2020, the Department of the Interior (DOI) is to issue permits for 10 GW of renewables on public lands. (The start date for this goal is not specified but the previous goal was achieved in October 2012, so presumably the new goal applies to approvals issued since then.)
- Hydro. The Administration is to designate the Red Rock Hydroelectric Plant on the Des Moines River in Iowa to participate in its Infrastructure Permitting Dashboard for high-priority projects.
- Military. By 2025, the Department of Defense (DOD) is to deploy 3 GW of renewable energy on military installations, including solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal.
- Housing. By 2020, Federal agencies are to achieve 100 MW of installed renewable capacity across the federally subsidized housing stock. This effort will include conducting a survey of current projects in order to track progress and facilitate the sharing of best practices. Responsible agencies include the Departments of Treasury (Low-Income Housing Tax Credit), Agriculture (Rural Development), and Housing and Urban Development (public housing and multifamily-assisted properties).
Implementation, Progress, and Outcomes
Since 2009, DOI has approved 50 utility-scale renewable energy proposals, including 27 solar, 11 wind, and 12 geothermal projects. DOI met its previous goal, set in 2012, to permit 10 GW of renewables on public lands by the end of the year.
April 30, 2013: The Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Solar in the Six Southwestern States is designed to standardize permitting for solar on Public Lands. On April 30, 2013, BLM issued a regulation aimed at facilitating right-of-way applications for lands with wind and solar energy development potential. (78 Fed. Reg. 25,204–13.)
March 4, 2014: President Obama released his Fiscal Year 2015 Budget, which provides approximately $95 million to DOI to support review and permitting of new renewable energy projects on federal lands and waters. (See Opportunity for All: Building a Clean Energy Economy, Improving Energy Security, and Taking Action on Climate Change 3.)
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
Achieving the new goal may mean a return to a form of fast-tracking, a policy that dates from Bush’s 2001 Executive Order 13,212 and was intended to promote oil and gas drilling but also facilitated permitting of renewables. One commentator notes that, “by law, under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1970 and the Federal Lands Policy and Management Act of 1976, amongst other regulations, Interior is required to evaluate each renewable energy project application on its own merits, and decide whether or not to approve the projects based on their relative level of environmental impacts to Public Lands.” (Patrick Donnelly-Shores, Obama: “New” Policy for Renewables on Public Lands, or Fast-Tracking Redux?, Berkeley Energy & Resources Collaborative Blog (June 25, 2013).)
BLM is considering a federal rule change that would allow it to offer land for solar and wind development through a nomination and competitive process, rather than through the current system of right-of-way applications.
February 24, 2014: As of this date, BLM’s lists of Active Renewable Energy Projects and Renewable Energy Projects Approved Since the Beginning of Calendar Year 2009 show 2.849 GW worth of projects have been approved by BLM since October 9, 2012 (when the prior goal was met), and another 1.119 GW worth of projects are pending.
June 25, 2014: The White House reported that since June 2013, DOI had approved six solar energy, two wind energy, and two geothermal projects, with a combined capacity of up to 1,900 MW. (White House, President Obama’s Climate Action Plan—Progress Report, p. 2 (June 2014).)
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)
The Renewable Energy page on the BOEM website has detailed information about offshore renewable energy programs.
July 31, 2013: BOEM held the nation’s first-ever competitive lease sale for renewable energy in federal waters. Deepwater Wind New England offered the high bid of $3.8 million for a Wind Energy Area of 164,750 acres on the Outer Continental Shelf offshore Rhode Island and Massachusetts. (Press Release, DOI, Interior Holds First-Ever Competitive Lease Sale for Renewable Energy in Federal Waters (July 31, 2013); Press Release, DOI, Interior Holds Second Competitive Lease Sale for Renewable Energy in Federal Waters (Sept. 4, 2013).) When built, these areas could generate enough combined energy to power more than one million homes. (Press Release, DOI, Interior Holds First-Ever Competitive Lease Sale for Renewable Energy in Federal Waters (July 31, 2013).)
September 4, 2013: BOEM held the second offshore wind lease sale. Virginia Electric and Power Company offered the high bid of $1.6 million for a Wind Energy Area of 112,799 acres on the Outer Continental Shelf offshore Virginia. Located 23.5 nautical miles off Virginia Beach, the lease area has the potential to support 2 GW of wind generation. (Press Release, DOI, Interior Holds Second Competitive Lease Sale for Renewable Energy in Federal Waters (Sept. 4, 2013).)
December 17, 2013: DOI and BOEM announced the “proposed sale notice” for commercial wind energy leasing in a large area off the Maryland shore. A DOE analysis found that this nearly 80,000-acre Maryland Wind Energy Area could support 850–1,450 MW of commercial wind generation if fully developed. The proposed sale notice will remain open for public comment at www.regulations.gov under Docket No. BOEM-2013-0002 until February 18, 2014. (Press Release, DOI, Secretary Jewell Announces Milestone for Commercial Wind Energy Development in Federal Waters (Dec. 17, 2013).)
March 13, 2014: BOEM announced that it is seeking public comment as part of its Environmental Assessment (EA) of a proposal to build an wind test facility off the Virginia coast. BOEM is considering a request by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy for a research lease for a grid-connected, 12 MW offshore wind test facility on the Outer Continental Shelf off the Virginia coast. The proposed test facility would be located next to the WEA off the Virginia shore (see Sept. 4, 2013, above) and is intended to produce data to support development of wind energy within the WEA. On April 3, BOEM will hold a public hearing in Virginia Beach on the scope of the EA. Public comments are due by April 14, 2014. (Press Release, BOEM, BOEM to Conduct Environmental Review of Renewable Energy Research Activities Offshore Virginia (Mar. 13, 2014).) See the press release for further information about the proposed test facility, the public hearing, and how to submit comments. Additional information about offshore Virginia wind projects is available on BOEM’s Virginia web page.
March 24, 2014: BOEM published a request for comment and “request for competitive interest” in connection with a proposal to build a marine hydrokinetic-energy (MHK) facility in federal waters off the Oregon shore. The Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center at Oregon State University has proposed to lease an area off the Oregon shore for siting a hydrokinetic energy facility to test utility-scale wave energy devices. Information about the proposal is available on BOEM’s Oregon page. BOEM’s request for competitive interest seeks to determine whether there is competitive interest in wave-energy research or development in the proposed offshore area. BOEM is also seeking public input regarding the proposed lease area itself, including how the area is used and the potential environmental consequences of developing MHK in the area. Those interested in expressing a competitive interest in the proposed lease area or wishing to provide comments about the proposed project have until April 23, 2014, to do so. The published notice contains full instructions for both kinds of submission. (See BOEM, Potential Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Research Lease on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Offshore Oregon; Request for Competitive Interest, 79 Fed. Reg. 16,050 (Mar. 24, 2014).)
May 28, 2014: BOEM published a “Call for Information and Nominations” in connection with wind development in an area located 11 nautical miles south of Long Beach, New York. BOE is seeking nominations from companies interested in commercial wind energy leases and public comments on existing uses of the area, site conditions, the potential for conflict with fishing, and any other relevant information. Nominations and information are due by July 14, 2014. Instructions for nominations or information are contained in the Federal Register notice. (BOEM, Commercial Leasing for Wind Power Development on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Offshore New York—Call for Information and Nominations (Call), 79 Fed. Reg. 30,645 (May 28, 2014).) BOEM also published a Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment of the potential impact that offshore wind development on the offshore New York environment. Public comments on the planned environmental assessment are due by July 14, 2014. Instructions for submitting comments are contained in the Federal Register notice. (BOEM, Potential Commercial Wind Lease Issuance and Site Assessment Activities on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Offshore New York, 79 Fed. Reg. 30,643 (May 28, 2014).)
The New York Activities page on BOEM’s website has detailed information about potential wind development off the New York coast, including maps of the proposed development area south of Long Beach.
June 3, 2014: BOEM announced that it issued a lease to Florida Atlantic University to test marine hydrokinetic technology at a site off the Florida coast. The testing will be used to evaluate the use of turbines powered by ocean currents. The lease is the first ever issued for testing ocean-current energy technology in federal waters. (BOEM, Press Release, BOEM Issues First Renewable Energy Lease for Marine Hydrokinetic Technology Testing (June 3, 2014).) A map of the test site and information about the environmental assessment that was conducted in connection with the project are available on BOEM’s Florida Activities page. For more information about hydrokinetic energy in general, see Energy 101: Marine Hydrokinetic Energy, a three-minute video produced by DOE, or How Hydrokinetic Energy Works, an illustrated primer from the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Tribal Trust Lands
May 7, 2014: The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) granted approval of the 200 MW Moapa Solar Energy Center Project, a grid-connected photovoltaic system to be installed on the Moapa River Indian Reservation in Nevada, home of the Moapa Band of Paiute Indians. The Moapa solar project is the second utility-scale solar project that BIA has approved for development on tribal trust lands. (See Press Release, DOI, Secretary Jewell Announces Second Utility-Scale Solar Energy Project on American Indian Trust Land Approved (May 7, 2014).) A Fact Sheet on the Moapa project is available from BIA.
September 2013: The Red Rock Hydroelectric Plant was added to the list of Nationally or Regionally Significant Projects on the Federal Infrastructure Projects Permitting Dashboard for high-priority projects. (White House, President Obama’s Climate Action Plan—Progress Report, p. 2 (June 2014).)
June 25, 2014: The White House reported that the Red Rock Project would break ground in August 2014. (White House, President Obama’s Climate Action Plan—Progress Report, p. 2 (June 2014).)
By statute, DOD must “produce or procure not less than 25 percent of the total quantity of facility energy it consumes within its facilities during fiscal year 2025 and each fiscal year thereafter from renewable energy sources …” (10 U.S.C. § 2911(e).) The Army’s share is 1 gigawatt. (Press Release, EITF, Army awards second technology under $7 billion renewable energy MATOC (Aug. 27, 2013).)
Energy Initiatives Task Force
The Army’s Energy Initiatives Task Force (EITF) is in charge of developing large-scale renewable energy projects on Army installations. The Opportunities page on EITF’s website has a map showing its various projects, a number of useful fact sheets, as well as other news and information. The bimonthly EITF Newsletter is available online.
May–September 2013: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, working with EITF, awarded a total of 58 Multiple Award Task Order Contracts (MATOCs) to purchase reliable, locally generated, renewable and alternative energy for Army installations. Of this total, 6 went to geothermal technology contractors, 22 to solar technology contractors, 17 to wind technology contractors, and 13 to biomass technology contractors. (See Press Release, EITF, Army Multiple Award Task Order Contract First Awards under $7 Billion Renewable Energy Contract (May 3, 2013) (geothermal); Press Release, EITF, Small business receives last contract for geothermal technology under MATOC (Sept. 17, 2013) (geothermal); Press Release, EITF, Army awards second technology under $7 billion renewable energy MATOC (Aug. 27, 2013) (solar); Press Release, EITF, Army awards third technology, wind, under $7 billion renewable energy MATOC (Sept. 9, 2013) (wind); Press Release, EITF, Army awards final technology for renewable and alternative energy MATOC (Sept. 23, 2013) (biomass)). Through the MATOC program, a total of $7 billion will be expended for PPAs to procure energy during a period of up to 30 years from renewable energy generation systems that are designed, financed, constructed, operated and maintained by contractors using private sector financing. (Press Release, EITF, Army awards second technology under $7 billion renewable energy MATOC (Aug. 27, 2013).)
February 20, 2014: EITF announced an additional 20 MATOC awards, 15 for solar, 3 for wind, and 2 for biomass, the first in a new round of awards. (News Release, EITF, Army Qualifies Additional Firms for Renewable Energy MATOC (Feb. 20, 2014).)
April 25, 2014: The Army broke ground for construction of a solar photovoltaic array at Fort Huachuca in Arizona. The project is designed to generate more than 18 MW, making it the largest solar array on a U.S. military installation. It is expected to supply about a quarter of all electricity needs at Fort Huachuca. Tucson Electric power will finance, install, and operate the array. (See Lisa Ferdinando, Army Breaks Ground for Largest Solar Array on DOD Post, www.army.mil (Apr. 25, 2014).)
May 15, 2014: The Army announced plans to build three 30 MW solar photovoltaic arrays, all at Army bases in Georgia. The Army projects that these arrays, dubbed “Georgia 3x30,” would bring it 9% closer to achieving its goal of producing 1 GW of renewable energy by 2025. Once operational, 18% of all energy that the Army consumes in Georgia would be from on-site renewable sources. The planned solar arrays would be built, owned, and operated by Georgia Power. (See News Release, EITF, U.S. Army Announces Plans to Develop Three 30 Megawatt Solar Arrays on Georgia Installations (May 15, 2014).) A Georgia 3x30 fact sheet is available from EITF.
Defense Logistics Agency Energy
“The Defense Logistics Agency is America’s combat logistics support agency responsible for sourcing and providing nearly every consumable item used by our military forces worldwide. DLA Energy is a primary level field activity of DLA responsible for providing the Department of Defense and other government agencies with comprehensive energy solutions in the most effective and efficient manner possible.” (History, Defense Logistics Agency Energy (last visited Feb. 24, 2014).)
November 22, 2013: DLA Energy, in partnership with EITF, issued a Notice of Intent to Award letter to Ameresco, Inc., for an 18.6 MW solar renewable energy generation system at Fort Detrick, Maryland. Using a 25-year Power Purchase Agreement, the Army will purchase all of the energy that is produced by the photovoltaic facility. (See Susan Lowe, DLA Energy continues renewable energy partnership with Army, DLA Energy (Nov. 22, 2013); Fort Detrick NOI, EITF (last visited Feb. 24, 2014).)
February 19, 2014: DLA Energy, in partnership with EITF, issued a Notice of Intent to Award letter to ReEnergy Holdings LLC, for the purchase of up to 28 MW of electricity from a renewable energy biomass facility at Fort Drum, N.Y. The project is to include a 20-year Power Purchase Agreement and is expected to provide 100% energy security and sustainability for Fort Drum. The Fort Drum project is the Army’s largest renewable energy project to date. (See News Release, EITF, Army EITF Makes Major Energy Announcement at New York Power & Finance Forum (Feb. 19, 2014); Susan Lowe, DLA Energy supports Army’s biomass project, DLA Energy (Feb. 19, 2014).)
June 25, 2014: The White House announced that the Air Force has developed a 16 MW solar array at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. (White House, President Obama’s Climate Action Plan—Progress Report, p. 3 (June 2014).)
July 18, 2013: The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the White House Council on Environmental Quality convened the home mortgage lending community, appraisers, and other stakeholders to identify opportunities to better account for energy efficiency in the Federal Housing Administration mortgage underwriting and appraisal process. (Heather Zichal, Meeting the Challenge of Climate Change, White House Blog (Sept. 20, 2013, 10:36 AM).)
January 21, 2014: HUD published a notice that it was seeking approval from the Office and Management and Budget to collect information for a “Baseline Assessment of Renewable Energy Capacity within HUD’s Public Housing and Federally-Assisted Multifamily Housing Portfolios.” The project would cost just over $380,000 and involve surveying 19,000 employees of public housing agencies and HUD-assisted multifamily properties in order to establish a baseline from which to work toward the goal of installing 100 MW of renewable energy generation capacity. Public comments on the proposal are due on March 24, 2014. (See HUD, 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection, 79 Fed. Reg. 3,396 (Jan. 21, 2014).)
April 17, 2014: DOE’s SunShot Initiative is providing staff and resources to help meet the 100 MW target, while the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is providing technical expertise and mapping support. (See Fact Sheet, White House, Building on Progress—Supporting Solar Deployment and Jobs (Apr. 17, 2014).)
June 25, 2014: The White House announced that 27 affordable-housing owners and service providers had committed to installing more than 150 additional MW of solar energy systems in federally assisted housing over the next several years, easily exceeding the 100 MW goal in the Climate Action Plan. (White House, President Obama’s Climate Action Plan—Progress Report, p. 2 (June 2014).)
• Expanding and Modernizing the Electric Grid
Federal agencies to streamline the siting, permitting, and review process for transmission projects across federal, state, and tribal governments.
Implementation, Progress, and Outcomes
Rapid Response Team for Transmission. (Original Oct. 2009 Memorandum of Understanding is available on the White House website; see also DOE, “Rapid Response Team for Transmission,” 7 Fed. Reg. 11,517 (Feb. 27, 2012).)
Energy Transmission Corridors
The June 7, 2013, Presidential Memorandum referred to in the Climate Action Plan directs the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, and the Interior to designate right-of-way corridors for energy transmission. (See “Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,539–42 (June 12, 2013).) Such corridors are required under section 368 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, 42 U.S.C. § 15926. The Memorandum instructs the Secretary of Energy to provide a two-part Transmission Corridor Assessment Report to the Steering Committee on Federal Infrastructure Permitting and Review Process Improvement. (See “Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541 (June 12, 2013).) The first part, providing recommendations regarding the 11 contiguous Western States (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming), was due on December 1, 2013; the second part, providing recommendations regarding the other states, is due on April 1, 2014. (See “Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541 (June 12, 2013). The “Western States” are identified in the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43 U.S.C. § 1702(o).)
The Memorandum details various specific actions and steps that the Secretaries and the Member Agencies of the Steering Committee must take, beginning in July 2013 and running through November 2014. (See “Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541–42 (June 12, 2013).) The first step, which requires DOI and USDA to provide to the Steering Committee a plan for a Western corridor study and regional corridor assessments, was completed on time. (DOI BLM & USDA FS, “Final Work Plan for Section 368 Corridor Study,” July 8, 2013.) The Western corridor study, which is to assess the utility of existing designated energy corridors, is due by July 2014. (“Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541 (June 12, 2013).) The first regional corridor assessment of the need for additions, deletions, or revisions to the existing Western corridors is also due by July 2014. (“Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541 (June 12, 2013).) An implementation plan for any needed actions identified in the study and assessments is due by November 12, 2014. (“Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,541 (June 12, 2013).)
Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application Process for Onshore Electric Transmission Projects
The June 7 Memorandum also directs the Member Agencies of the Steering Committee on Federal Infrastructure Permitting and Review Process Improvement to develop an Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) process for significant onshore electric transmission projects that require federal approval. (“Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,542 (June 12, 2013); see also “Executive Order 13604—Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects,” 77 Fed. Reg. 18,887 (Mar. 28, 2012) (establishing the Steering Committee).) By September 30, 2013, Member Agencies are to provide to the Chief Performance Officer and the Chair of the CEQ a plan for implementing this process. (“Transforming Our Nation’s Electric Grid Through Improved Siting, Permitting, and Review,” 78 Fed. Reg. 35,539, 35,542 (June 12, 2013).)
August 29, 2013: DOE published a draft of the required IIP process and requested public comment. (See “Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects,” 78 Fed. Reg. 53,436 (Aug. 29, 2013).) The public comment period was subsequently extended to October 31, 2013. (“Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects,” 78 Fed. Reg. 59,011 (Sept. 25, 2013).)
Research and Development
March 4, 2014: President Obama released his Fiscal Year 2015 Budget, which provides $157 million for Smart Grid R&D and other efforts to modernize the electricity grid. (See Opportunity for All: Building a Clean Energy Economy, Improving Energy Security, and Taking Action on Climate Change 2.)
This page was last updated on July 16, 2014.